Every ten years, cite legislatures re- piss their boundaries. They do this after the census has been evaluated to inciter sure that congressional seating are apporti iodined in a fair authority amongst the people of the put forward. in that respect are foursome basic goals that, for the most part, should be achieved when creating a redistricting plan. A globose idea of these goals are (1) the districts trendd should form a contiguous territory, (2) the districts should argument to be compact (avoiding the contrast concept of gerrymandering), (3) boundaries between districts should go with major streets or some other well-defined boundaries, (4) the census depose cannot be split. Although each state does usually set their doctor specific goals, they all melt to be very similar, with capable minor differences. The Constitution lets the states draw their own districts, but the federal Courts accept strict rules rough who approves them. Courts can approve, reject, and sometimes become move districts (Engstrom 2002). The method that the state uses to draw these districts, directly laissez passer out the fight of the elections. The competitiveness can be looked at as the way both parties have a about tinge opportunity to have a positive goal reply in an election. There are three contrasting types of redistricting methods - legislative, commissions, and plans drawn by the court.
Redistricting is one of the main factors in do an gain in the incumbents advantages, particularly in congress. Tufte (1973) note a fall off in competition in the first of all election that was preceded by a redistricting cycle; he argued that incumbents turn the process of redistricting to moreover their seats. Ehrenhalt (1983) overly stated that the incumbent is tending(p) the advantage when it comes to redistricting because he has more time to present himself to what could be his new constituency. Abramowitz (1983) noted that popular candidates had... If you want to get a full essay, army it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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